About the Index

Overview of capacities

The Index first measures your performance across six formative capacities chosen from among 30+ options defined below. It then compares your individual results with established national and career-specific benchmarks to identify your assets and opportunities for growth.

What is a capacity?

Capacities are the building blocks of human development and defined as an individual or group’s knowledge, skills, behaviors, and attitudes associated with a key human development concept (e.g., creative problem-solving, integrity). Learning to apply capacities across contexts and in varying situations is essential for effective leadership.

Each of the 30+ capacities are arranged into convenient categories essential for personal growth, organizational impact, and community transformation.

Personal Leadership


Understanding of and ability to express one’s sense of self, values, and priorities.


Alignment between convictions (i.e., beliefs, values, attitudes) and actions.

Personal Responsibility

Commitment to directing one’s energy and actions toward agreed-upon efforts.

Emotional Self-Awareness

Ability to accurately recognize one’s emotions and their influences.

Emotional Self Regulation

The ability to use emotions to inform one’s impressions of an experience while intentionally choosing actions to pursue healthy and effective ways forward.

Learning Efficacy

Advanced cognitive abilities including critical thinking, self-directed learning, and making connections between ideas.

Inclusive Leadership

Cultural Competence

Requisite awareness, values, and behaviors that enable effective communication and advocacy across cultures.

Diversity Appreciation

Appreciation for and value of diversity.

Social Perspective-Taking

Ability to take another person’s point of view and accurately infer their thoughts and feelings.

Social Change Behaviors

Enactment of values-based Leadership and civic engagement behaviors to advance the common good.

Sociocultural Discussion

Engagement with peers around compelling social and cultural issues including values stances, diversity, human rights, political perspectives, and religious beliefs.

Navigating Systems

Ability to envision multiple pathways in navigating systems to achieve goals.

Interpersonal Leadership


Ability to envision multiple pathways in navigating systems to achieve goals.


Behaviors that lead to cohesive and supportive teams.


Degree to which mentoring relationship focuses efficacy-building.


Receptivity to and appreciation of differing viewpoints and the advantages of engaging with them in productive ways.

Role Modeling

*Note definition is under review by scholars

Sense of Belonging

Degree to which an individual feels a sense of affiliation and connection to an organization/program.

Innovative Leadership


Pursuit of knowledge or experiences through novel, complex, differing, or uncertain stimuli to resolve gaps, understand, and learn.

Creative Problem Solving

Ability to engage in meaning-making processes to foster possibility thinking as well as “seek out” and transform information into novel and useful ideas.

Critical Questioning

The ability to generate a variety of high-quality questions as well as strategically deploy questions to build relationships and acquire information.


Ability to suspend judgment by hypothesis testing through active experimentation to generate unique insights.


The ability to perceive beyond the expected using all senses to heighten awareness in a given moment or context.

Integrative Thinking

Ability to engage in non-linear thinking to make connections across traditional boundaries and seemingly unrelated phenomena.

Civic Leadership

Leadership Motivation

Drive to engage in leadership grounded in one’s personal commitment to a group or community’s desired outcome.

Civic Engagement

Desire and ability to contribute to one’s community.


Concern for future generations as well as engagement in current actions to advance the future of a community.

Leadership Aspirations

Drive to engage in leadership grounded in concern about the perceptions of others and how successes and failures will be attributed to the individual.

Social Capital Creation

Ability to develop and maintain diverse relationships across traditional boundaries for the purpose of mutual benefit in personal, community, and professional domains.

Sustainable Leadership


One’s comfort with, perceived benefit of, and tolerance for processes involving change.


Ability to initiate and sustain goal-directed efforts.

Leadership Efficacy

One’s internal beliefs about their likelihood of success when engaging in Leadership processes.


Ability to persist in the midst of adversity and positively cope with stress.

Search for Purpose

Meaning-making grounded in the exploration of life’s deeper purpose.

How To read your index report